Koivet.com | Fish Health | Dr. Erik Johnson https://koivet.com Fish Medicines Symptoms and Treatments Sat, 30 Nov 2019 01:58:49 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.2 Fwd: Rescue fish won’t eat, fins have tiny holes https://koivet.com/fwd-rescue-fish-wont-eat-fins-have-tiny-holes/ Thu, 15 Aug 2019 12:55:56 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=856 The holes in the fin edges speak to malnutrition. *THAT IS NOT YOUR FAULT* *You *are feeding fine. BUT = when a fish isn’t ABSORBING enough nutrition (hurt gut) it loses weight (or fails to gain) and then becomes vulnerable to secondary infections AND gets pinholes in the fins. The body thinks it’s the safest […]

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The holes in the fin edges speak to malnutrition. *THAT IS NOT YOUR FAULT* *You *are feeding fine. BUT = when a fish isn’t ABSORBING enough nutrition (hurt gut) it loses weight (or fails to gain) and then becomes vulnerable to secondary infections AND gets pinholes in the fins. The body thinks it’s the safest place to steal energy during a caloric drought. On that fish, the belly has an odd shape, a distinct swelling above the pelvic fins. Lots of times when you open fish up like that, it’s a brown ball of inspissated pus or granuloma. There’s something going on in the abdomen. Did the fish ever get a shot in the abdomen? If not, *’tuberculosis’ granuloma* crosses my mind.
*What can you do? *
Get the fish into well aerated water at least 78 DF and feed freeze dried KRILL. What’s the idea?
1. Warmth boosts the immune system. In fact the immune system DOUBLES per ten degrees you raise them 2. Up to a POINT at which oxygen becomes a “thing” when it’s too warm (Say 82+) 3. Freezze dried krill is the most exciting thing for fish appetites AND 4. It can be rolled between your fingers to make it ‘easy to swallow’ small enough.
KRILL YOU NEED (Click)
Why this Krill? Because I know it’s dry enough, comes with dry-packs in the can which is hermetic and the krill are actually large, not just saying so on the label.
Hi Dr. Erik, I rescued a group of feeder fish and quarantined them, treated > for flukes ich etc. They were all doing so well. > > 2 months later one stopped eating yesterday. Just spits out the pellets. > Her fins have tiny holes all at the edges. Some holes are big. I saw a big > white spot on her tail too. I took a skin scrape and gill sample. No > parasites. Her gills look bad though to me. Her poo sometimes seems stringy > and white. I couldn’t find any worm eggs looking at it though. > > Water tests fine on all levels. I’ve attached pics. > > Please help ? I don’t want to lose her. If you want more pics happy to > send. > >


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Euthanasia in Large Fish https://koivet.com/euthanasia-in-large-fish/ Fri, 17 May 2019 22:28:48 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=855 I have felt that the best way to euthanize a large fish is a baton-blow to the head. That is too hard for most people. The other two methods include placing the fish in a freezer In a suitable size container that prevents the fish from being terrified. Hypothermia sets in slowly and the fish […]

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I have felt that the best way to euthanize a large fish is a baton-blow to the head. That is too hard for most people.
The other two methods include placing the fish in a freezer In a suitable size container that prevents the fish from being terrified. Hypothermia sets in slowly and the fish perishes painlessly. (They have no spinothalamic tract and they are unconscious by the time freezing occurs.)
I think that would be a very large container to fit into your freezer.
The third method involves oil of cloves, that is available anywhere they sell essential oil‘s such as General Nutrition Co GNC. You simply put a few drops of water per gallon into a ziploc or jar, shake the container very well (I’m thinking Ziploc bag) then pour the emulsified oil of cloves and water into a container with the fish in it. The oil of cloves anesthetizes the fish at which point you can slide it into the freezer without the water. No fear.

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Microbiome May Contain Replacements for Lost Mitochondrial Helper Cultures and Mediate Immune and Endocrine Functions including MS, IBD, CDI, and MD https://koivet.com/microbiome-may-contain-replacements-for-lost-mitochondrial-helper-cultures-and-mediate-immune-and-endocrine-functions-including-ms-ibd-cdi-and-md/ Mon, 13 May 2019 15:57:20 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=854 There is a convergence of several disciplines that may matter to you. Antioxidant therapies based on “terpenoids” (And that would include clove oil but also “geraniol” to replenish the malevonate pathway for ATP production in the mitochondria) may help you. Secondly, microbiology has determined that there are millions of bacteria in the gut that we […]

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There is a convergence of several disciplines that may matter to you.
Antioxidant therapies based on “terpenoids” (And that would include clove oil but also “geraniol” to replenish the malevonate pathway for ATP production in the mitochondria) may help you.
Secondly, microbiology has determined that there are millions of bacteria in the gut that we cannot even grow. We find their DNA particles and can “see” that there are many previously unidentified species which Mitochondrial Disease sufferers lack. (Or have too many of.)
The third scientific branch closing in on your situation is Immunology. The discovery that inflammation and immune-mediated functions, including auto-immune functions, can be mediated by gut bacteria.
Did you know that Mitochondria *are* essentially bacteria which have moved into our cells symbiotically?
What if science is about to discover that by providing healthy colonies of heretofore unidentified beneficial bacteria [f.m.t.], and soothing angry mitochondria with antioxidant therapy, and mitigating aberrant immune responses in other systems (even endocrine ones) – they may realize that: Having come from primordial bacterial stew, we basically ARE bacterial primordial stew and with our current lifestyles we’re not ‘nice’ to our endogenous bacterial stew at ALL. Except people who exercise aerobically, drink lots of water, eat organically, avoid antibiotics and preservatives, and ingest healthy fruits and vegetables which grow beneficial bacteria in the gut, and provide antioxidants in large amounts. (Carotenoids)
Be nice to your germs and they will be nice to you. And if you don’t have all the germs you’re supposed to, you can get them now. Google “mayo clinic microbiome fmt openbiome”
<em@ilmy.vet>

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Koi Herpes Virus – Heat Treatment Experience – South Africa https://koivet.com/koi-herpes-virus-heat-treatment-experience-south-africa/ Mon, 13 May 2019 12:52:54 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=850 Here’s the source of this article, which was written mostly during the hottest phase of KHV infection before more people stepped up their vigilance. Including the authors, much to their credit. The above link may (as they often do) stop working. So, I “printed” the article (actual web page) to PDF format and it’s uploaded […]

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Here’s the source of this article, which was written mostly during the hottest phase of KHV infection before more people stepped up their vigilance. Including the authors, much to their credit.

The above link may (as they often do) stop working.

So, I “printed” the article (actual web page) to PDF format and it’s uploaded below.

And then I edited it into a Word Document (nicely formatted) and printed that to PDF as well.

This is a very good piece of information.

KHV_EXPERIENCE_HEAT_PONGKOI

KHV EXPERIENCE _ PONGOI KOI South Africa_Unedited

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Stuffing a Koi, Koi Taxidermy https://koivet.com/stuffing-a-koi-koi-taxidermy/ Mon, 22 Apr 2019 13:19:28 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=846 Koi can be taxidermied if you really want. I had this Koi, a big butterfly Koi from Blueridge Fish Hatchery for years. She was a big favorite of  mine because her orange was metallic and the lines between her scales made a fishnet of gold. And of course the long fins. And then too, she […]

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Koi can be taxidermied if you really want. I had this Koi, a big butterfly Koi from Blueridge Fish Hatchery for years. She was a big favorite of  mine because her orange was metallic and the lines between her scales made a fishnet of gold. And of course the long fins. And then too, she had a personality.

When she died, I put her in the freezer for a long time and eventually found Lynn Ward who could do taxidermy.

He said that the fins would be challenging because they don’t dry very well, tending to curl. Also, the “skin” (epidermis) on the scales tends to curl up, too when the fish is dried. But he dried Oro very slowly and spent the time to keep the tail flat and the scales from curling. He gave her glass eyes. They use putty to hold the eyes into the orbits, then air brush that to blend it in. He came from a picture and painted her amazingly.

She held up VERY VERY well in a climate controlled room with average humidity control. For years. Then I lost my place in the market correction of 2008 and she went with all my belongings…somewhere. I guess she’s on someone’s wall somewhere?

 

 

 

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Goldfish Cap or Wen Pimples https://koivet.com/goldfish-cap-or-wen-pimples/ Mon, 22 Apr 2019 00:07:41 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=837 A male goldfish can be identified by tiny white pimples popping up on the cheeks and the leading edge of the pectoral fins. But what does it mean when white pimples show up in the cap or wen of a goldfish? It does not speak to the fish being male. And fish with a decent, […]

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A male goldfish can be identified by tiny white pimples popping up on the cheeks and the leading edge of the pectoral fins. But what does it mean when white pimples show up in the cap or wen of a goldfish?

It does not speak to the fish being male. And fish with a decent, heavy wen is vulnerable to this and admittedly, it is unsightly. First, it only happens in fish with head growth, a cap or wen. Orandas are predominant in the fish that have this but lionheads and ranchu are also victims at times.

What you’re seeing is a collection of white blood cells, I’ve looked at the contents of these white pimples under the microscope. And all it is, is a collection of white blood cells and debris. There aren’t even a lot of bacteria in the material. I don’t know if it’s a bacteria, a virus, or just the poor blood supply to the wen or cap tissue which allows these “infections” (almost ‘sterile abscesses’) to occur.

No matter, this does not persist indefinitely, and works itself out if the fish are in warm (ish) water in the mid to high seventies (Fahrenheit) and the water quality is good.

NO treatment is indicated unless the fish also has poor body language (for example clamped fins, shimmying or piping at the surface.)

Doc Johnson

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SRAC Document RE: Goldfish & Koi For Your Reading Pleasure https://koivet.com/srac-document-re-goldfish-koi-for-your-reading-pleasure/ Fri, 19 Apr 2019 17:13:26 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=832 I found this online and sent it to Koivet.com to put in the library. Thanks Doc Johnson Goldfish_Koi_6pages_SRAC_detailed_overview.pdf

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I found this online and sent it to Koivet.com to put in the library. Thanks Doc Johnson

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Resources of Value to All https://koivet.com/resources-of-value-to-all/ Fri, 19 Apr 2019 16:34:42 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=831 KoiVet.com resources Help From Doc Johnson  https://koivet.com/help/ Where everything is being added and updated:   DrJohnson.com   A Video About How To Get Help With Fish Diseases  The best filtration for fish tanks Sponge Filters:  https://drjohnson.com/the-best-aquarium-filters-ever/ The air pump I’m using to push ALL my tanks at the office and ALL my tanks at home:  https://drjohnson.com/aquascape-pond-aerator-20-and-60-review/ Where […]

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KoiVet.com resources

Help From Doc Johnson  https://koivet.com/help/

Where everything is being added and updated:   DrJohnson.com  

A Video About How To Get Help With Fish Diseases 

The best filtration for fish tanks Sponge Filters:  https://drjohnson.com/the-best-aquarium-filters-ever/

The air pump I’m using to push ALL my tanks at the office and ALL my tanks at home:  https://drjohnson.com/aquascape-pond-aerator-20-and-60-review/

Where to get sponge media for the home made filters in THIS video:  Suburbanponds/OpenCellFoam

The medicine replacing Mardel’s Clout now:  Microbe-Lift BSDT https://drjohnson.com/microbe-lift-bsdt-replacing-clout-parasites/

What to use to get rid of Flukes  : https://drjohnson.com/praziquantel-for-koi-deworming-and-flukes/

What to use to get rid of Fish Lice and Anchor Worms  : https://amzn.to/2OUDp7G

What to use to get rid of almost everything else.  Microbe-Lift BSDT https://drjohnson.com/microbe-lift-bsdt-replacing-clout-parasites/

Best price I’ve ever seen on a BIG 125g Sponge Filter ($10 as of Nov 25, 2019)   https://amzn.to/2OxfvQB

Neutral regulator (Click), a way to keep pH stable at about 7.0 for most tropicals and Goldfish.

Water Testing Strips, they’re just “good”, but that’s perfectly good enough for hobbyists and what I like is that the Ammonia test is WITH all the other ones instead of separate.

This antibiotic, used as a bath for 6-8 hours a day at around 78 DF may be almost as good as an antibiotic injection, when that’s not feasable. (Furan antibiotics)

This Sinking Pellet (click) is what you should feed your goldfish. It keeps them off the surface and working the gravel for a negatively buoyant food. All goldfish.

This is a Koi food I like because it contains immune-potentiating nucleotides. (Betaglucans) branded “Impact” which may stimulate a strong immune response but definitely speeds growth.

This stuff kills the heck out of Flukes.

When you’re flooming, or pumping water in a quarantine, or powering an undergravel filter, or even a sponge filter stack, a powerhead comes in handy.

This stuff kills Fish Lice and Anchor Worms quickly and very safely.

Ed Noga's Goldfish Disease (Fish) Disease Book
Ed Noga’s first edition is sometimes under $100

Ed Noga’s Fish Diseases First Edition book for those of you ready for the next-level fish disease information.

The above is the kind of heater I’m using in my fish room at the office. It’s got a titanium body so it can’t break. It’s well reviewed and it’s 400W without being like, $50. I’m going to put it on a thermostat to redundantly protect the fish from overheat.

This is the air blower I’m using for my fish room and my tanks at home. I have three of the Model 60. Two are in use, one’s for backup.

This is the dog food I am currently feednig Ajax. I appreciated the ingredients list, at the price point of a little over a dollar per pound delivered. He was on Epigen for a year or more but lost too much weight. He was very lean and muscular.

These lights are cheap and VERY bright, powered by LED and absolutely waterproof. They just sit on top of my fish tanks inside the hood. Here is a picture of the fish tank with those lights in use.

This is a great deal, on a LOT of limber, rubbery silicone airline tubing, the only kind of airline tubing I’ll use because it has no memory.

The best “air stones” to drive sponge filters. These are cheap, replaceable without making you cry and they’re really good at creating a lowbackpressure “mist” of air bubbles.

Sponge Media for home made filters:

A REALLY good deal on a 25 foot Python Fill and Drain gravel cleaning device. How can you do without it?

Basket feeders to keep your brine shrimp and bloodworms from flying all over your tank and making an effing mess.

This is the DHEA I take, myself

When I Recommend FOS or “Chicory Root” Inulin this is what I mean:

The Cetaphil Wipes I’m always recommending for Atopic feet and for cleaning wounds, and lesions.

 

Where to find most, if not all of my videos on Youtube. My Main Youtube Channel

Figuring out your Koi and Fish Health Illness Problem In Twenty Easy Steps

  1. Video 1 –> Have the fish been handled recently? Why that matters
  2. Video 2 –> Is it winter? Summer? Why that matters
  3. Video 3 –> Feeding and Underfeeding. Why that matters.
  4. Video 4 –> Ammonia and it’s super common, why it matters and what it looks like.
  5. Video 5 –> Nitrites and what THAT looks like, why it matters and what to do about it.
  6. Video 6 –> NitrAtes –  especially common fish killer / weakener in established pond.
  7. Video 7 –> pH is the most common deadly water quality parameter to check. Crash discussed.
  8. Video 8 –> Oxygen levels. Why it might sag, impact of heat and plants, what to do about it.
  9. Video 9 –> Crowding. How many is too many. What does that do to fish?
  10. Video 10 –> Water movement and turnover. Common. Stale, still water. Fish weakener.
  11. Video 11 –> Temperature; it’s influence, it’s pitfalls, the ideals for fish recovery
  12. Video 12 –> Cuts and bruises. Is that an ulcer, or a gash? How can you tell. When and if you treat.
  13. Video 13 –> Cleanliness – Is the pond clean? Properly maintained? Can fish recover in unclean ponds?
  14. Video 14 –> Bacterial infections – a usually unnecessary video because 90% of people have figured out the source of a disease is in their water quality and husbandry. Injections, treatments, etc all discussed.
  15. Video 15 –> Fungal infections, you’d be surprised the cause, and the treatment (or lack thereof)
  16. Video 16 –> The parasites, this is pretty common. What you need to know about them, and their treatment.
  17. Video 17 –> Viral diseases, like Koi Herpes virus and some of the skin-viruses that cause warts.
  18. Video 18 –> No video 18 lol
  19. Video 19 –-> Quarantine. If you did it, then the list gets shorter. If you didn’t do it, (and how to do it) the field remains very wide.
  20. Video 20 –> Resources for more help, diagnostics, fish vets who still do it.

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Why NOT to use salt in your Koi Pond https://koivet.com/why-not-to-use-salt-in-your-koi-pond/ Mon, 15 Apr 2019 21:17:34 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=822 There are ONLY three reasons. 1. It’s tough on most plants. 2. Most of the time, in water that is well aerated and cooler than 78-79 degrees Fahrenheit, a combination of Formalin + Malachite Green is more effective anyway. 3. *The BEST reason to avoid it:* It’s hard to get out of the pond with […]

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There are ONLY three reasons.
1. It’s tough on most plants. 2. Most of the time, in water that is well aerated and cooler than 78-79 degrees Fahrenheit, a combination of Formalin + Malachite Green is more effective anyway. 3. *The BEST reason to avoid it:* It’s hard to get out of the pond with water changes which can be disruptive to the fish, toxic to watershed plants, and may be expensive.
That is might not cure all parasites is NOT a reason to not use Salt in a Koi pond.
– It doesn’t hurt the fish unless you go crazy with it. I very seldom exceed 0.6% and will typically prefer to use Formalin anyway. – It’s a fact that if you run salt all the time, you will eventually encounter parasites that are increasingly resistant to it. I treat wholesaler’s warehouses and they’ve got some superbugs. – Salt seldom if ever has any lasting or significant impact on any bacteria in the environment, ESPECIALLY on Koi pathogenic bacteria. – Iodine in salt is NON TOXIC to Koi. I’m not just saying that. I practice fish medicine. I KNOW this for a fact. Real life stuff. – The increase in slime production can present an issue on gills but I have only seen THAT much slime, on THAT damaged a gill only a few times in practice. – People are reading things about “osmosis” and making ridiculous comments about how salt impacts that, and as long as you’re staying at about 0.3 – 0.6% you’re not causing trouble. – If you publish on the Internet or have a Youtube channel you have an obligation to be correct and comprehensive. If your data ONLY comes from books and the shit you’ve “heard”, staaaahp. If you’re kneeling over a microscope at the edge of a pond for years, have a degree in an animal science, biology, parasitology or ichthyology, and you have pathology reports stuffing your filing cabinets – feel free to contribute. Otherwise, just be right.
And salt does NOT cure all parasites. But that’s not a viable reason to avoid the use of Salt.
Doc Johnson

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KHV video https://koivet.com/khv-video/ Sun, 14 Apr 2019 17:54:50 +0000 https://koivet.com/?p=821 Is it possible that the Koi you referred to in your video had ‘Koi sleeping sickness’ as opposed to KHV? Prescribed treatment from Japan for sleeping sickness is 85 F, no food and 1.006 salt. ANSWER: There is an interesting parallel They can recover a specific virus from the KHV fish that’s not in the […]

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Is it possible that the Koi you referred to in your video had ‘Koi sleeping sickness’ as opposed to KHV? Prescribed treatment from Japan for sleeping sickness is 85 F, no food and 1.006 salt.
ANSWER: There is an interesting parallel They can recover a specific virus from the KHV fish that’s not in the Sleeping Sickness ones. And the morbidities / mortalities on KHV are catastrophic in short order, compared to the Sleeping Sickness. We’re lucky in poikilotherms that we can set the “body temperature” at anything we want – whereas a cat or dog or person with a virus is pretty much stuck in the viruses’ favorite range (once adapted to and infectious for) mammalian cells at 98.6-101.6 So we can take an infectious, lipophilic / heat labile virus (simply melts) to temperatures that destroy the capsule/capsid. (By no means are all viruses heat labile) I have to admit I’m not very familiar with Koi / Carp Sleeping Sickness because of two things 1) I always wrote it off as fulminating stress-response (which may be directly related to vulnerability to a ubiquitous CGNV virus -AND- 2) It has been a nonsequiter in practice because it really does tend to clear as water temperature, quality and pathogens are resolved. Doc Johnson

On Sat, Apr 13, 2019 at 4:51 PM R. KROUZEL <koicollectors@hotmail.com> wrote:
> > Watched your KHV video today. > > Is it possible that the Koi you referred to in your video had ‘Koi > sleeping sickness’ as opposed to KHV? > > Prescribed treatment from Japan for sleeping sickness is 85 F, no food and > 1.006 salt. > > Cheers > > Romana > >

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